Daily Current Affairs 27 Jan 2020

Vakataka dynasty

The Vakataka Empire originated from the Deccan in the mid-3rd century CE, with Nagardhan as capital.Vindhyashakti (c. 250 – c. 270 CE) is known to be the founder of the family. The elephant god was a commonly worshipped deity in those times.

Animal rearing was one of the main occupations. Remains of seven species of domestic animals — cattle, goat, sheep, pig, cat, horse and fowl — have been traced. Their state is believed to have extended from the southern edges of Malwa and Gujarat in the north to the Tungabhadra River in the south as well as from the Arabian Sea in the west to the edges of Chhattisgarh in the east. They were the most important successors of the Satavahanas in the Deccan and contemporaneous with the Guptas in northern India. The Vakataka dynasty was a Brahmin dynasty and rulers were pre-dominantly Shaivites.The Gupta emperor Chandragupta II married his daughter into Vakataka royal family and with their support annexed Gujarat from the Saka Satraps in 4th century CE.The Vakataka power was followed by that of the Chalukyas of Badami in Deccan.The rock-cut Buddhist viharas and chaityas of Ajanta Caves (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) were built under the patronage of the Vakataka emperor, Harishena.

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Bru-Reang Agreement

The Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India, living mostly in Tripura, Mizoram, and Assam. In Tripura, they are recognized as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG). Over two decades ago, a few ethnic social organizations of Mizoram who demanded that the Bru be excluded from electoral rolls in the state.In October 1997, following ethnic clashes, nearly 37,000 Bru fled Mizoram’s Mamit, Kolasib, and Lunglei districts to Tripura, where they were sheltered in relief camps. Since then, over 5,000 have returned to Mizoram in nine phases of repatriation, while 32,000 people from 5,400 families still live in six relief camps in North Tripura. Apart from their own Kaubru tongue, the Bru speak both Kokborok and Bangla, the two most widely spoken languages of the tribal and non-tribal communities of Tripura, and have an easy connection with the state.The Bru-Reang is a tripartite agreement is signed between the Government of India, Governments of Tripura and Mizoram and Bru-Reang representatives in New Delhi on 17 January 2020.

The agreement mentions the following

About 34,000 Bru refugees will be settled in Tripura. Centre will provide help to these tribes for their all-round development and for this around Rs 600 crores were sanctioned. Each displaced family would be given 40X30 sq.ft. residential plots. For 2 years, they will be given the aid of Rs 5000 per month. Free ration for 2 years About Rs 1.5 lakh aid to build their house. The Tripura Government would provide the land.

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